The People's Republic of China was established on October 1, 1949, with Beijing as its capital city. With well over 1.3 billion citizens, China is the world's most populous country and the third largest country in the world in terms of territory. China is undergoing rapid, profound economic and social change and development. Political power remains centralized in the Chinese Communist Party. Modern tourist facilities are available in major cities, but many facilities in smaller provincial cities and rural areas are frequently below international standards.
Americans arriving without valid passports and the appropriate Chinese visa are not permitted to enter and will be subject to a fine and immediate deportation at the traveler's expense.
A China visa is permission/proof issued by Chinese visa issuing authorities permitting foreigners’ entry to, exit from or transit through the country. According to foreigners' status, their purposes for coming to China and the passport type, the issuing authorities may separately issue them the diplomatic, courtesy, service or ordinary visa.
1. Tourist Visa (L Visa): is issued to those who intend to go to China as a tourist or to visit friends.
2. Business Visa (M Visa): is issued to those who intend to go to China for commercial and trade activities.
3. Student Visa (X Visa): (a) Long-term (X1): is issued to those who intend to study in China for a period of more than 180 days. (b) Short-term (X2): is issued to those who intend to study in China for a period of no more than 180 days.